Allo' Expat Sri Lanka - Connecting Expats in Sri Lanka
Main Homepage
Allo' Expat Sri Lanka Logo


Subscribe to Allo' Expat Newsletter

   Information Center Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka General Information
 
History of Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka Culture
Sri Lanka Cuisine
Sri Lanka Geography
Sri Lanka Population
Sri Lanka Government
Sri Lanka Economy
Sri Lanka Communications
Sri Lanka Transportations
Sri Lanka Military
Sri Lanka Transnational Issues
People, Languages & Religions
Sri Lanka Expatriates Handbook
Sri Lanka and Foreign Government
Sri Lanka General Listings
Sri Lanka Useful Tips
Sri Lanka Education & Medical
Sri Lanka Travel & Tourism Info
Sri Lanka Lifestyle & Leisure
Sri Lanka Business Matters
  Sponsored Links


Check our Rates

Population in Sri Lanka
 
 
 

General

The population of Sri Lanka in 2003 was estimated by the United Nations at 19,065,000, which placed it as number 53 in population among the 193 nations of the world. In that year approximately 6% of the population was over 65 years of age, with another 27% of the population under 15 years of age. There were 107 males for every 100 females in the country in 2003. According to the UN, the annual population growth rate for 2000-2005 is 0.81%, with the projected population for the year 2015 at 20,640,000. The low growth rate is a result of concerted family planning programs. The population density in 2002 was 289 per km² (748 per mi²). About 50% of the population is concentrated in the southwestern quarter of the island.

It was estimated by the Population Reference Bureau that 24% of the population lived in urban areas in 2001. Colombo, the commercial capital and chief city, had a population of 690,000 in that year. Other urban centres are Dehiwala-Mt Lavinia, 96,000; Moratuwa, 70,000; Jaffna, 129,000; Kotic, 109,000; and Kandy, 104,000. According to the UN, the urban population growth rate for 2000-2005 was 2.8%.

Overview

Population : 21,481,334 (July 2012 est.)
Age structure : 0-14 years: 24.9% (male 2,723,657/female 2,615,425)
15-24 years: 15.3% (male 1,665,204/female 1,623,135)
25-54 years: 42.6% (male 4,464,868/female 4,685,274)
55-64 years: 9.1% (male 911,494/female 1,050,482)
65 years and over: 8.1% (male 747,433/female 994,362) (2012 est.)
Median age

: total: 31.1 years
male: 30.1 years
female: 32.2 years (2012 est.)
Population growth rate : 0.913% (2012 est.)
Birth rate : 17.04 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)
Death rate : 5.96 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)
Net migration rate : -1.95 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)
Urbanisation : urban population: 14% of total population (2010)
rate of urbanisation: 1.1% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)
Major cities - population : Colombo (capital) 681,000 (2009)
Sex ratio : at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.96 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.96 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
Maternal mortality rate : 35 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)
Infant mortality rate : total: 9.47 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 10.44 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 8.45 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)
Life expectancy at birth : total population: 75.94 years
male: 72.43 years
female: 79.59 years (2012 est.)
Total fertility rate : 2.17 children born/woman (2012 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate : less than 0.1% (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS : 2,800 (2009 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths : fewer than 200 (2009 est.)
Major infectious diseases : degree of risk: high
food or water-borne diseases: bacterial diarrhoea and hepatitis A
vector-borne disease: dengue fever and chikungunya
water contact disease: leptospirosis
animal contact disease: rabies (2009)
Children under the age of 5 years underweight : 21.1% (2007)
Health expenditures : 4% of GDP (2009)
Physicians density : 0.492 physicians/1,000 population (2006)
Hospital bed density : 3.1 beds/1,000 population (2004)
Sanitation facility access : improved:
urban: 88% of population
rural: 92% of population
total: 91% of population
unimproved:
urban: 12% of population
rural: 8% of population
total: 9% of population
Nationality : noun: Sri Lankan(s)
adjective: Sri Lankan
Ethnic groups : Sinhalese 73.8%, Sri Lankan Moors 7.2%, Indian Tamil 4.6%, Sri Lankan Tamil 3.9%, other 0.5%, unspecified 10% (2001 census provisional data)
Religions : Buddhist (official) 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%, Christian 6.2%, unspecified 10% (2001 census provisional data)
Languages : Sinhala (official and national language) 74%, Tamil (national language) 18%, other 8%
note: English, spoken competently by about 10% of the population, is commonly used in government and is referred to as the link language in the constitution
Literacy : definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 91.2%
male: 92.6%
female: 90% (2010 census)
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education) : total: 13 years
male: 12 years
female: 13 years (2004)
Education expenditures : NA
Unemployment, youth ages 15-24 : total: 21.3%
male: 17.1%
female: 27.9% (2009)
 

 
 

 



 


copyrights © AlloExpat.com
2018 | Policy