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Military in Sri Lanka


The military of Sri Lanka consists of three branches which are, the Army, Navy and Air Force which comes under the Ministry of Defence. It grew from a ceremonial force after the independence from the British Empire to a highly trained and highly motivated armed force. The training and sophistication of the Sri Lankan Armed forces is shown through its hard battles fought against one of the deadliest armed groups in the world, the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam which is classified as a terrorist organisation by 32 countries.

The military of Sri Lanka has taken part in many wars throughout its history, including the Second Boer War and both World Wars (under the command of the British). Since independence, however, its primary missions have been counter-insurgency, targeting armed groups within the country, most notably the LTTE and at one point the former nationalist insurgent group, the JVP. Since 2004, Sri Lankan troops have been a part of the UN peacekeeping force in Haiti, which is the country's first major overseas mission.


Military branches : Sri Lanka Army, Sri Lanka Navy, Sri Lanka Air Force (2013)
Military service age and obligation : 18-22 years of age for voluntary military service; 5-year service obligation (Air Force) (2012)
Manpower available for military service : males age 16-49: 5,342,147
females age 16-49: 5,466,409 (2010 est.)
Manpower fit for military service

: males age 16-49: 4,177,432
females age 16-49: 4,574,833 (2010 est.)
Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually : male: 167,026
female: 162,587 (2010 est.)
Military expenditures : 2.6% of GDP (2006)




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